Jim Gordon, Drummer and ‘Layla’ Cowriter Convicted of Murder, Dies

Jim Gordon, a top drummer for Eric Clapton, George Harrison and countless others who was diagnosed with schizophrenia after murdering his mother in 1983, has died.

According to the announcement, he died Monday from natural causes at California Medical Facility in Vacavillle, Calif., after a long incarceration and lifelong battle with mental illness. He was 77.

Gordon was a member of Clapton’s group Derek and the Dominos and is the credited cowriter of the classic 1970 hit “Layla,” and played on literally hundreds of songs as part of the elite crew of session musicians known as the Wrecking Crew. He was also a member of Joe Cocker’s Mad Dogs and Englishmen group and Delaney and Bonnie and Friends, and was one of the main drummers on George Harrison’s epochal 1970 album “All Things Must Pass.” His work on the Incredible Bongo Band’s 1972 song “Apache” became one of the most sampled drum breaks in hip-hop history.

Any casual fan of 1960s and ’70s rock has heard his playing on songs by the Beach Boys (including the “Pet Sounds” album), Steely Dan (“Rikki Don’t Lose That Number”), Carly Simon (“You’re So Vain”), Gordon Lightfoot, Harry Nilsson, Sonny and Cher, Nancy Sinatra, Glen Campbell, and even the Byrds — that whipcrack drum fill at the end of their version of their 1967 cover of Carole King and Gerry Goffin’s “Goin’ Back” was played by him. He was indisputably one of the greatest rock drummers of his era, but his long, improperly treated mental illness resulted in the murder of his mother.

Born in 1945, he was raised in California’s San Fernando Valley and began his professional career the day after he graduated high school in 1963, playing a session with the Everly Brothers. He cut his teeth as a session musician on hits by many of the above artists, occasionally touring with the likes of Delaney and Bonnie, Cocker and Derek and the Dominos.

However, he had a history of mental illness and his behavior became unstable in the late 1960s. While on tour with Cocker in 1970, he assaulted singer Rita Coolidge, his girlfriend at the time. Quoted in Bill Janovitz’s Leon Russell biography, Coolidge says, “Jim said very quietly, so only I could hear, ‘Can I talk to you for just a minute?’ He meant he wanted to talk alone. So we walked out of the room together … And then he hit me so hard that I was lifted off the floor and slammed against the wall on the other side of the hallway… It came from nowhere.”

However, the tour and Gordon’s busy career continued, peaking with Derek and the Dominos — Gordon is credited with the piano-driven, instrumental second half of the rock classic “Layla” (although Coolidge has said the composition was actually hers). His career continued through the ‘70s via work with Alice Cooper, Steely Dan, Dave Mason, Helen Reddy, Frank Zappa, Johnny Rivers and many others.

However, in June of 1983 he bludgeoned and then stabbed his 72-year-old mother to death, claiming that voices told him to do so. He was then officially diagnosed with schizophrenia and sentenced to 16 years to life in prison; he was up for parole multiple times but denied.